Rain, Reflections, and the City: Urban Photography on Wet Days

Often seen as an inconvenience, rainy days can in fact be a goldmine for photography enthusiasts, particularly those who love to capture urban landscapes. With the right techniques, what could be a gloomy, wet day transforms into a playground of vibrant reflections, textures, and strikingly beautiful scenes. Here are some essential tips to make the most of your rainy day urban photography:

1. Gear Up

First and foremost, protecting your camera gear is a priority. There are many weather-sealed camera bodies and lenses available on the market, but if you don’t own one, don’t worry. A rain cover for your camera will do just fine and is usually quite affordable. For a makeshift solution, even a plastic bag can be useful, provided you handle your equipment carefully. Don’t forget an umbrella or a waterproof jacket to keep yourself dry and comfortable.

2. Embrace Reflections

One of the most spectacular things about photography on a rainy day is the appearance of reflections. Wet surfaces, puddles, and glass panes become mirrors reflecting the city’s life in a different perspective. Reflections can bring a surreal and artistic touch to your photos. Look for those perfect puddles and use them to create a dramatic impact by including city structures, lights, and even pedestrians.

3. Look for Details

Rain transforms the ordinary into the extraordinary. Raindrops on a railing, wet footprints on the pavement, beads of water on a café window – these details may seem mundane but can add depth to your photography. Focusing on these minute details can give your viewers a fresh perspective on the familiar urban environment.

4. Play With Light

Rainy days might seem dark and gloomy, but they are filled with unique lighting opportunities. The overcast sky acts as a giant diffuser, providing a soft, even light that’s perfect for capturing the city’s character. The vibrant city lights become even more pronounced in the rain, especially at dusk or night. The contrasting lights and the dark environment create high drama and ambiance in your images.

5. Capture Movement

The hustle-bustle of the city is amplified on rainy days. People dashing with umbrellas, vehicles splashing water, raindrops trickling down window panes – these movements can add a dynamic touch to your photos. Using a slow shutter speed will let you play around with motion blur, conveying a sense of speed and urgency that aligns with the mood of a rainy day.

6. Experiment with Black and White

Black and white photography and rainy days make for a potent combination. It brings out the mood, contrasts, and textures in a more pronounced manner. Particularly in an urban setting, black and white can amplify the timeless character of the cityscape, making your photographs dramatic and intense.

7. Post-Processing

Finally, don’t forget the power of post-processing. You can enhance the moodiness of your rainy day pictures by adjusting the contrast, sharpness, and saturation. Experimenting with various filters can also highlight the different elements you’ve captured.

Rainy days offer a unique canvas for your urban photography. While the rest retreat indoors, it’s your chance to step out and explore the city from a refreshed and renewed perspective. Happy shooting!

Tips for Using Patterns in Photography

Patterns are basically just repeated shapes, objects or colors either ordered in precise formations or just random designs scattered across a scene. The important thing about patterns is that they create images that are very pleasing to the eye and add a new dimension to your photos.

Patterns can be found everywhere in our world, from natural forms to our urban and industrial environments. Use them effectively in an image and you’ll create a photo that is dynamic and attracts the eye to the main subject or focal point. It will help you learn digital photography in interesting ways.

There are two ways to look at patterns. Take a bird’s eye view and look down on say a car park where you’ll see predictable rows of vehicles. Then the other way is to get in closer and look for not so obvious patterns like tire treads and grill patterns. If you really want to be successful in shooting a pattern make sure that you fill the whole frame so that the pattern extends form edge to edge.

So what are the most effective ways to use patterns in your photography? Here are a few ways.

1. Regular patterns

These are easily identifiable and make really outstanding images especially when there is a lot of color involved. Rows and rows of soldiers in red jackets make up a really great pattern formation. Be sure to try different angles and viewpoints to get more interesting shots. Regular patterns are made up of ordered rows of geometric designs or other objects of the same shape and size. Office blocks made up of rows of windows, rows of trees in an orchard or even a honeycomb.

2. Irregular patterns

These form an interesting image just by the irregular nature of the pattern. Objects that are randomly placed in a scene but fairly close together still reveal a sense of repetition. For example, a sky full of parachutists with colored parachutes above them or the leaves on a tree or even a forest floor with a carpet of leaves or acorns. None of these have regular patterns but they are still identified as patterns. Again by filling the frame edge to edge you will emphasize the actual pattern and contain it with great effect.

3. Multiple patterns

This is an interesting one and you’ll often see it in a wall of say an ancient building where different additions have been made. The regular pattern goes in one direction and changes as a new addition of bricks or tiles has been added hundreds of years later.

Brick paving leading up to a tiled wall will reveal a contrast between two types of patterns. Sometimes you’ll see this with the old and new as in a stone wall with a corrugated metal structure behind it.

4. Breaking the pattern

Picture this. A tray of thirty eggs all uniform in color and size with just one egg that has been broken revealing the bright yellow yolk. The uniformity of pattern is interrupted by the single broken egg. This doesn’t weaken the patterned effect as you would think but strengthens the overall image quite dramatically. These are created pattern breaks, but, by looking for them occurring natural is the challenge. For example, the field of red tulips in a Dutch field with just one yellow flower growing in the middle, or, a row of cars at factory storage facility with one color breaking the pattern. A fun experiment is creating your own pattern breaks with shells on the beach or acorns in a forest. You don’t have to have an object that is different to the rest. I shot a great image of a tiny shoot of a baby pine tree pushing its way through a carpet of brown pine needles. The green shoot contrasted against the brown needles and made an outstanding image.

As you learn digital photography, the idea of using patterns creates an opportunity for seeing with your photographic eye. Look for patterns within patterns as with the car park I mentioned earlier. Taking the time to see is vital when trying to create a great image. You will often find that in getting closer and looking for detail you’ll often spot a unique pattern opportunity.

Facebook or Instagram which is more effective for promoting your photos

Facebook or Instagram which is more effective for promoting your photos

The effectiveness of promoting your photos on Facebook or Instagram depends on your specific goals, target audience, and the type of content you want to showcase. Both platforms have unique features and advantages that cater to different photography styles and marketing strategies. Let’s compare the two:



  1. Wider Audience Reach: With over 2.8 billion monthly active users, Facebook offers a larger potential audience to showcase your photos.
  2. Diverse Content Formats: Facebook supports various content formats, including photos, albums, videos, and carousels, allowing you to display your photography in different ways.
  3. Robust Ad Targeting: Facebook’s extensive targeting options enable you to reach a specific audience based on demographics, interests, behaviors, and more.
  4. Community Building: You can create a Facebook page or join photography groups to engage with a community of photography enthusiasts.


  1. Algorithm Changes: Facebook’s algorithm may impact the organic reach of your posts, leading to reduced visibility without paid promotion.
  2. Less Visual Focus: While photos can be showcased on Facebook, the platform is more diverse in content types, which might affect the overall visual experience for photography promotion.



  1. Visual-Centric Platform: Instagram’s primary focus is visual content, making it ideal for photographers to showcase their photos in a highly immersive and visually appealing manner.
  2. Engagement: Instagram users tend to engage more with visual content, especially in the photography niche.
  3. Hashtags and Discoverability: Strategic use of hashtags allows your photos to be discovered by users interested in specific photography genres or themes.
  4. Storytelling through Stories: Instagram Stories provide an excellent opportunity to share behind-the-scenes, photo narratives, and interact with your audience in real-time.
  5. Niche Photography Community: Instagram has a large community of photographers and photography enthusiasts, allowing you to connect with your target audience directly.


  1. Younger Demographic: Instagram’s user base is skewed towards a younger audience, which might not align with your target market if you are targeting an older demographic.
  2. Limited Link Placement: Instagram has limited options for adding clickable links in posts, potentially making it challenging to direct users to your website or portfolio.


If your primary goal is to promote and showcase your photos in a visually compelling way, Instagram may be more effective due to its focus on visual content and higher engagement rates. Instagram’s hashtags and niche photography community can also help you reach a targeted audience interested in your photography style. However, Facebook’s broader reach and diverse content formats can complement your efforts, especially if you want to engage with a larger and more varied audience. For the best results, consider using both platforms strategically to leverage their unique strengths and engage with different segments of your target audience.

Types of Leading Lines in Photography Composition External InboxSearch for all messages with label Inbox

When it comes to photography composition, one of the most powerful tools at your disposal is leading lines. Like the invisible hand that guides a viewer’s eye through an image, leading lines are a subtle, yet highly effective, compositional element that can dramatically improve the visual impact of your photos.

What Are Leading Lines?

Leading lines are, in essence, visual paths drawn in an image that lead the viewer’s eye towards a particular point, often to the main subject of the photograph. They serve to guide the viewer’s attention, create depth, and add a dynamic element to a composition. Leading lines are everywhere, from the natural lines created by rivers or coastlines, to architectural lines in cityscapes, to implied lines in portraits.

Understanding and leveraging leading lines in photography can significantly enhance your images, and here are some types of leading lines you should know.

1. Straight Lines

Straight lines are probably the most common leading lines that photographers utilize. They are powerful and direct. Whether vertical, horizontal, or diagonal, they create a sense of order and stability.

  • Vertical Lines: These lines can imply strength and grandeur. Think of towering skyscrapers or a towering tree in a forest.
  • Horizontal Lines: These suggest tranquility and breadth. The horizon line in a landscape photo is a classic example.
  • Diagonal Lines: Diagonal lines add a sense of dynamism and movement to a composition. They are often used to lead the viewer’s eye from one corner of the image to another or directly to the subject.

2. Curved Lines

Curved lines, such as those found in winding roads, rivers, or architectural arches, create a sense of fluidity and grace in a composition. They can add a rhythmic, harmonious feel to your photographs and guide the viewer’s eye more subtly than straight lines. An “S” curve is a particularly pleasing type of curved line, often used in landscape and nature photography.

3. Implied Lines

These are lines that don’t physically exist but are suggested by elements within an image. They can be formed by the direction a person is looking, the path of a dancer’s leap, or even the sequential positioning of objects in a scene. Although they’re less obvious, they can be incredibly effective in guiding a viewer’s gaze towards the subject.

4. Interrupted Lines

An interrupted line is a leading line broken by another element or object in the frame. For example, a fence line may be interrupted by a gate or a tree. This type of line can create tension in an image and adds interest to the composition by breaking up the monotony of a continuous line.

5. Converging Lines

Also known as perspective lines, converging lines are common in architectural and street photography. They occur when two or more lines start from different points but meet at a single point in the image, often on the horizon. Converging lines create depth and perspective, giving a three-dimensional feel to a two-dimensional image.


Mastering the use of leading lines can elevate your photography to new heights. They serve not only to draw attention to your main subject but also to instill a sense of order, add depth, and enhance the overall aesthetic of your images. As you become more familiar with these various types of leading lines, you’ll begin to see them everywhere and instinctively incorporate them into your compositions.

Remember, while these guidelines can be incredibly helpful, they’re not hard and fast rules. Experiment, be creative, and don’t be afraid to break the rules once you’ve learned them. After all, photography is an art form, and you are the artist. Harness the power of leading lines and let your unique vision shine through your work.

How photography enthusiasts in Delhi are honing their camera skills, one fortnightly walk at a time

Exciting news! Thrilled to be featured in The Indian Express Newspaper.

Read the full article here: https://indianexpress.com/…/how-photography…/.